Egyptian Armed Forces

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EDEX 2023 Day 1 Egyptian Armed Forces Egyptian Defense Industry Cairo​



EDEX 2023 Day 2 Egypt Defence Expo Boeing and Canik​


 
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The SC

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Egyptian Air Force development and deals plan



Egyptian negotiations to manufacture the South Korean K-2 MBT locally​


• Officially Egyptian negotiations to manufacture the South Korean K2 Black Panther MBT locally..,
. The Egyptian negotiator stipulated the transfer of manufacturing technologies and production lines
• The K2 tank is the most expensive tank ever and among the best tanks in the world

Image





Lethal and distinctive MBT combination; Abrams and K-2 !!!

d014239e2480453581103080e7206c95.jpg
 

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Officially Italy has given the go-ahead for the sale of the two Fremm frigates to Egypt​


June 8 2020

Italy has given the go-ahead for the sale of the two Fremm frigates to Egypt in these hours. ANSA learns this from qualified sources close to the dossier. The agreement between Rome and Cairo would have arrived just yesterday following the phone call between the Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte and the Egyptian leader at Sisi. The same sources report that the decision would have already been shared with the top management of Fincantieri.

This contract is a prelude to a long-term strategic military cooperation between Egypt and Italy that may include moving forward in signing the following armament contracts during the coming period:

- 4 FREMM frigates to be built specifically for Egypt (the contract may include the transfer of construction technology locally ).

- 20 PPA launch / multi-mission ship (type has not been determined yet) + transfer of technology to build locally in the Egyptian marine arsenal.

- 24 Eurofighter Typhoon fighter.

- 24 Aermacchi M-346 light combat and advanced training aircraft (OCU / Light Combat Aircraft LCA).

- 1 SAR satellite (Radar Imaging Satellite).

These contracts will be the responsibility of Fincantieri Shipbuilding, Leonardo Aerospace, Defense and Security Industries and MBDA for the missile and ammunition industries.


https://www.ilmessaggero.it/mondo/egitto_italia_vendita_fregate_fremm_news_oggi_cairo-5275880.html

Bergamini class (FREMM) frigates of the Italian Navy





Italian Navy Bergamini class FREMM variants in formation
Bergamini class is the Italian variant of the Frigate European Multi-Mission (FREMM) class, a class of frigates designed by the French DCNS and the Italian Ficantieri in a joint program to replace the existing destroyers and frigates within the French and Italian navies. As we mentioned in the article about the French variant, the Aquitaine class, the frigates between the two navies share some general characteristics, weapons and systems but also have several differences in the equipment related to propulsion system, electronic equipment and weapons following the different requirements of both navies. The Italian Navy (Marina Militare Italiana) is building two variants/versions of Bergamini class frigates, one for ASW (Anti-Submarine Warfare) role and one for General Purpose (GP) role; in this article both variants will be described. Italian Navy aims to replace the eight (8) frigates of Maestrale class and the four (4) frigates of the Lupo class with ten (10) Bergamini class which are devided in three variants including the AAW for the last pair of ships. Bergamini class is a class of stealth frigates with advanced Anti-Aircraft Warfare (AAW) capabilities featuring a common sensor and weapons package based on MBDA’s SAAM-ESD (Extended Self-Defence) area defence system, including Selex ES MFRA EMPAR-derived C-band multifunction radar with active phased array antenna and Aster 15 and Aster 30 missiles in A50silos. EMPAR MFRA is an evolved version of the EMPAR radar (embarked on Orizzonte class destroyers and the Cavour aircraft carrier). In addition to that, each variant is specialized in a specific role, GP or ASW, with increased equipment to perform this particular role.




The first and second Bergamini FREMM during sea tests. Photo: orizzontesn.it

The general characteristics of the class is a displacement of 6,900tons, length of 144.6m, beam of about 20m, maximum speed of 30knots and range of 6,700n.m. with a cruising speed of 15knots. The ship has a crew of 145 persons (GP variant) or 147 persons (ASW variant) while 9 more persons are added to the crew for a second helicopter on board. The vessels can accomodate up to 200 people in total. Each vessel can accommodate one or two NH90 ASW helicopters or one NH90 and one EH101 helicopters, and/or UAVs Moreover, each ship carries two Rigid-Hulled Inflatable Boats (RHIB)s for commando operations (one of 7m at the right side, starboard, and one of 11m at the left side, port) while the GP variant carries one more RHIB of 11m in the stern launching ramp instead of a Variable Depth Sonar (VDS) in ASW variant.



Modified photo of a Bergamini class frigate GP variant of the Italian Navy. High resolution image here.



STRALES in front of VLS

STRALES system, notice the frame
that covers the RFG system
 

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The frigates have one main gun on the bow deck which is either the OTO Melara (now Leonardo) Super Rapido 76mm/62cal gun on the ASW variant or the OTO Melara 127mm/64cal Lightweight (LW) on the GP variant. Each vessel has a secondary OTO Melara Super Rapido 76mm/62cal gun installed on the starboard roof of the helicopter hangar. The 76mm guns are part of the STRALES system which consists of the naval gun, a Radio Frequency Guidance System with the electronic control unit and the DART ammunition. STRALES is an all-weather system that was designed to engage and to destroy multiple manoeuvring targets with the use of guidance ammunition for increased accuracy and therefore lethality. STRALES includes a Radio Frequency Guidance System provided with a mechanical frame to be connected to the gun-mount structure. A gun shield is provided with a watertight cover which can be automatically removed to deploy the guidance antenna; once actual target position and stabilisation data are available, STRALES operates as a stand alone system.



Impressive view of frigate Carlo Margottini





Carlo Begamini's aft gun turret and FCS

Carlo Begamini's aft gun turret
The DART projectile is equipped with the new DART microwave programmable multifunction fuse. The effective operating range is greater than 8km while the maneuverability is higher than.. 40g! A new Multiple-Feeding (MF) ammunition loading system for the 76/62 mm is also available as a separate kit which is able to select any ammunition contained in the branches regardless of its position (typically, DART and standard ammo). The gun can intercept air and surface targets at a distance of 16 km (6km the effective range against anti-ship missiles) unleashing 120 rounds per minute weighting greater than 6kg each. The gun has excellent performance in any kind of role, such as air defence, anti surface, anti-missile and shore bombardment role. It is claimed by OTO Melara that these guns can engage 4 missiles before they reach the ship.





Carlo Begamini's (GP) main naval gun
 

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The OTO Melara 127mm/64cal Lightweight (LW) on the GP variant is part of the VULCANO system which consists of four key sub-systems: the medium caliber 127/64 LW Gun assembly, the Automated Ammunition Handling System, the Naval Fire Control Support and the VULCANO family of ammunition. The system is intended for surface fire and naval gunfire support as main role and anti-aircraft fire as secondary role. The 127/64 LW - VULCANO is equipped with a modular feeding magazine, composed by 4 drums with 14 ready to fire ammunition each (56 in total), reloadable during firing, and highly flexible in terms of selection of ammunition, independently from their position in the drums. Ammunition flow is reversible as rounds can be downloaded automatically. The 127mm VULCANO ammunition family, is composed by Ballistic Extended Range (BER) and Guided Long Range (GLR) ammunition with different multifunctional fuses, sensor and final guidance that extend the range of the gun up to 100km. The rate of fire is 32rds per minute. General Purpose FREMMs are getting the highly Automated Ammunition Handling System for the 127/64 mm gun, which holds 350 127mm shells in addition to the 56 in the four reload drums of the gun turret.


VULCANO system
OTO Melara 25mm gun



25mm gun. Photo: OTO Melara
The frigates have also two OTO Melara Oerlikon KBA 25mm/80cal guns which are installed one to port and one to starboard. The guns are stabilized, electric servo-drive assisted, while a weapon control is featured in order to allow the gunner to remain steady at any barrel elevation, laying the gun with the maximum accuracy even against targets at maximum elevation. A conventional aiming system is fitted to the mount, but also an IR sight with integrated ballistic reticule is available. The rate of fire is about 650 rounds per minute and the effective range for aerial targets is about 2,000m. The gun has two 126-round boxes on each side of it.



Modified photo of a Bergamini class frigate ASW variant of the Italian Navy. High resolution image here.


Behind the front gun and forward of the bridge, it is installed a DCNS Sylver A50 VLS with 16 cells (two VLS modules) for MBDA Aster 15 anti-aircraft missiles for local and area defence (medium range) and Aster 30 missiles that provide long range interception capability for area defence (see the video for Sylver VLS). Similarly with the French FREMM frigates, the space located backwards of the current silos allows for 16 more missiles, and specifically two A70 silos for land-attack/cruise missiles in the future. But as of today the Italian Navy is using that space for the crew accommodation. Both Aster 15 and 30 missiles featuring the same terminal dart. The Aster missiles are autonomously guided with a maximum range of greater than 30km for Aster 15 and a speed of higher than Mach 3 and a range of 100-120km and Mach 4.5 for Aster 30 that has two-stage propulsion system . The missile provides protection to the vessel against a full spectrum of air threats such as anti-shipping missile including sea-skimming and high diver missiles, supersonic and subsonic missiles, anti-radiation missiles UAV and aircrafts (see video) with a very high single shot probability. ASTER’s terminal dart is a lightweight, highly manoeuvring and agile missile equipped with a high-performance active RF seeker with capability against stealthy targets. Thanks to the unique combination of aerodynamic control and direct thrust vector control called “PIF-PAF, the missile is capable of high g manoeuvres. Together, these features give ASTER an unmatched hit-to-kill capability. The system has an extremely quick reaction time with high rate of fire and it provides full coverage under any kind of weather.



Aster 15 and Aster 30 AA missiles


Otomat launchers on Carlo Bergamini. Photo: the all seeing lens

The frigates carry the MBDA Otomat/Teseo Mk2A block IV guided anti-ship missile in four single launchers amidships while there is provision for four more (packed in quads). The missile has a range of up to 180km, a high subsonic speed Mach 0.9 and carries a warhead of 210kg capable piercing up to 80mm of steel. The warhead is designed to explode inside the ship with the force of the explosion directed to the bottom of the target ship. Capable of ranges from 6-180km in all directions, the system relies on powerful mission planning (3D way-points, terminal sea skimming profile, simultaneous attack from different directions). Target data is derived from the ship's Command System or taken directly from the ship's surface search radar. Mission Planning allows the selection of different firing modes (such as Fire and Forget or midcourse guided) and of specific trajectories and evasive manoeuvres. Cruise and approach phases may be either fully inertial or partially guided from the launch ship through a radio-link. Mid course re-vectoring from a co-operating ship or helicopter is also possible. The excellent capabilities of the missile (short reaction time, Fire and Forget, INS/GPS navigation, high target selection, ECCM and anti-CIWS manoeuvres, warhead lethality with no collateral damage) allow the system to operate effectively in littoral warfare environments, as well as in blue waters. The terminal attack phase is based upon an autonomous terminal guidance using an active homing head with improved target selection capabilities in complex scenarios. It should be mentioned that Otomat is one of the most powerful of all modern western anti-ship missiles having a mid course data-link and land attack capability.

https://www.navalanalyses.com/2014/08/bergamini-class-fremm-frigates-of.html
 

Sami_1

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Egypt continues to use surface ships with a low density of armament, in addition to the obsolescence of the Exocet / Otomat missile systems, because the European systems are at the end of their manufacturing lives, and Egypt remains in need of a sea missile with a speed higher than Mach 2, or ramjet missiles with a low weight. The Chinese displayed at the 2023 IDEX exhibition the HD-1A missile with a weight of 2.5 One ton for the surface-to-surface version, and the weight is 1.5 tons for the air-to-surface version, while the real need is for a missile weighing no more than one ton to be deployed on Egyptian ships. The expected Egyptian deal with Italy will include the Marte-ER light missile, and perhaps with a local production license, although we have heard news about German support for Egypt to manufacture a surface-to-surface missile. Egyptian has not shown any results so far, and within a few years Egypt needs to replace more than 600 Harpoon / Exocet / Otomat missiles.

Egypt is negotiating UUV/USV/UAV systems to be integrated into Egyptian ships, starting from corvettes to heavy frigates, and the French and Chinese are competing for the deal.
Therefore, any new contracts must be part of the development of ship designs that Egypt will contract with. Developments in arming and equipping these ships because we are in the stage of adding new types of weapons and ammunition to the naval units, and the ships must be prepared for this new equipment and armament in advance by providing the space and energy required by this new armament.
 

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The Egyptian army roars loudly with this terrifying military display!

Navy, air force, air defense, Republican guard, boarder guards, military industries..

 

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The Egyptian army roars loudly with this terrifying military display!

Navy, air force, air defense, Republican guard, boarder guards, military industries..


The SC good to see you in this forum. Do you know if GOMIG21 and few others also moved to his forum ?
 

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6 years ago
A military parade by the Thunderbolt Forces shows the high efficiency of the armed forces
 

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Eagles protecting the nation’s sanctities.. Air Force display at the 2023 military college graduation ceremony

 

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President Sisi witnesses the 4th Armored Division's war inspection lineup in Suez



Military parade "War Inspection" of the 4th Armored Division of the 3rd Field Army

 
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The most powerful and deadly weapons of the Egyptian army of every type for the year 2023



Egypt, a country strategically located at the crossroads between Africa and the Middle East, maintains a formidable military arsenal. From state-of-the-art battle tanks and fighter aircraft to advanced naval ships and missile defense systems, Egyptian military power is a critical component of regional security in the Middle East. In this video, we will unveil the most powerful weapon of every type in the Egyptian army for the year 2023, but before starting, as usual, dear viewer, leave a like for the video and give us your opinion on the topic, and without prolonging, let us begin the video.

1) Tanks: M1A1 Abrams
The most lethal tank owned by the Egyptian army is the M1A1 Abrams. Known for its exceptional firepower, advanced armor and cutting-edge technology, the M1A1 Abrams tank is among the most lethal tanks in the world. Equipped with a powerful 120 mm smoothbore gun and modern fire control systems, this tank is capable of engaging ground and air targets with precision.

2) Self-propelled artillery: K9 Thunder
The Egyptian Army possesses a variety of self-propelled artillery systems, the most dangerous of which is the K9 Thunder, a highly capable self-propelled howitzer known for its enormous firepower and mobility. Armed with a 155mm/52 caliber howitzer, it has a firing range of up to 41 kilometers when using long-range ammunition, making it capable of engaging targets at great distances.

3) Rocket launchers: M270
The most dangerous multiple rocket launchers owned by the Egyptian army is the M270 Multiple Launch Rocket System (MLRS). Egypt obtained this advanced artillery system from the United States.

4) Ballistic missiles: Scud-B
The Egyptian army's most lethal ballistic missile is the Scud-B missile, which is of Soviet origin. Egypt obtained a number of Scud-B missiles,

5) Air defense systems: S-300VM
The most dangerous air defense system owned by the Egyptian army is the Russian-made S-300VM (also known as Antey-2500) air defense system.

6) Military aircraft: Dassault Rafale
The most dangerous aircraft owned by the Egyptian army is the Dassault Rafale. Egypt obtained a fleet of Rafale fighter aircraft from France.

7) Transport aircraft: Lockheed C-130 Hercules
One of the most capable transport aircraft owned by the Egyptian Army is the Lockheed C-130 Hercules. Egypt has several types of C-130 aircraft, including the C-130H and C-130J. These aircraft are versatile and can perform a wide range of missions, including transporting troops,

8) Electronic warfare aircraft: E-2 Hawkeye
The most dangerous Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft in Egypt is the E-2 Hawkeye. Egypt operates the E-2C version, which provides critical early warning, surveillance, command and control capabilities. These aircraft play a vital role in detecting and monitoring air and sea threats, enhancing Egypt's situational awareness and overall air defence.

9) Training aircraft:
The most advanced training aircraft in the Egyptian army is the K-8E Karakorum. The K-8E is a jet-powered trainer and light attack aircraft designed for military pilot training. It is used to prepare Egyptian Air Force personnel for more advanced fighter aircraft.

10) Attack helicopters: AH-64 Apache
The most dangerous attack helicopter owned by the Egyptian army is the Boeing AH-64 Apache. Egypt operates various models of Apache aircraft, including the AH-64D and AH-64E.

11) Drones: Wing Loong II
The most dangerous unmanned aerial vehicle owned by the Egyptian army is the Wing Loong II, a Chinese-made armed drone. The Wing Loong II is a medium-altitude, long-endurance (MALE) unmanned aircraft equipped with a variety of air-to-ground munitions.

12) Submarines: type 209/1400
The Egyptian Navy's most advanced submarine is the Type 209/1400 diesel-electric submarine. Built by German shipbuilder ThyssenKrupp Marine Systems, these submarines are known for their stealth capabilities and versatility.

13) Frigates: fremm bergamini
The most dangerous frigate owned by the Egyptian Navy is the FREMM frigate (fremm bergamini). Egypt obtained a number of FREMM frigates from Italy. These highly capable warships are equipped with advanced sensors, weapons, and anti-aircraft, anti-submarine and surface warfare capabilities.

14) Corvette ships: Gowind-class
The most dangerous corvette class in the Egyptian Navy is the Gowind corvette. Egypt acquired several Gowind-class corvettes from France. These warships are known for their advanced technology and versatility in anti-submarine warfare and anti-surface warfare. Equipped with various sensors, anti-ship missiles, torpedoes, and a 76 mm naval gun, these corvettes are tremendous assets to Egypt's naval capabilities.

15) Transport ships:
The most prominent transport ship of the Egyptian Navy is the Egyptian Army helicopter carrier ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser (L1010), part of the Mistral-class amphibious assault ships. This ship, acquired from France, is equipped with a spacious flight deck capable of accommodating a variety of helicopters, including attack and transport helicopters. ENS Gamal Abdel Nasser enhances Egypt's naval capabilities by providing a flexible platform for air support, reconnaissance and transport operations, contributing to the country's strategic military capabilities in the region.
 
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